Canada, the second largest country in the world and surrounded by the United States, why is there no border at the national boundary?


In addition to being the second largest country in the world, Canada is a highly developed capitalist country covered by forests, yet such a God-favored country has no borders and doesn’t seem to be defending itself from neighboring countries in any way.

Canada is located in the high latitudes of the northern hemisphere and has a total land area of 9.98 million square kilometers, the second largest in the world, after Russia. He is surrounded by the Pacific, Atlantic, and Arctic Oceans to the east, west, and north, respectively. To the south, he borders the U.S. mainland, and to the northwest, he borders the U.S. state of Alaska. As you can see from the map, the only country that borders Canada is the United States.

However, the width of Canada’s land mass spans four time zones, and the country, although large, is divided into only ten provinces, with three additional autonomous states in the north deep into the Arctic Circle.



Some may wonder? Why is such a large country divided into only 10 jurisdictions to govern?

It’s because Canada is literally sprawling with people! Canada’s population is 38 million, and most people live along the southeast coast and near the border with the United States, with little human presence on the eastern plains and northern ice fields except for some mining machines.


If you spread all Canadians evenly across every corner of Canadian land, that gives them an average of one square kilometer for three people. What is that concept? You know that in China the population density is 144 people per square kilometer.



So with such a small population, how did Canada manage to grow into a highly developed country?

This is due to Canada’s abundant resources of all kinds, which is why Canada is said to be favored by God. Canada’s forests are abundant, mainly in the eastern plains and along the border with the northern ice fields. The main types of trees are maple, cherry and ork, and there are large areas of pine trees north of the Rockies. This can be seen on the Canadian flag, which is marked by the maple leaf. Such rich forest resources also make Canada one of the world’s largest timber exporters.

Of course, in addition to its rich forests, Canada is also rich in all kinds of metals, including gold, silver, iron, uranium, and other metals. But it’s the oil industry that supports Canada’s economy, with Canada’s oil reserves ranking third in the world after Venezuela and Saudi Arabia. They don’t need to spend a lot of money on mines or anything like other countries do, they just need to work on the surface. Because most of their oil resources are in the form of oil sands, they just need to collect them and do simple treatment and processing to get a high quality crude oil.



So why doesn’t Canada, which is so rich in resources, have a border guard? Isn’t he afraid that the U.S., which has always been called the world’s dominant power, will want to come and get a piece of the action?



We can perhaps look at their population distribution to understand this.

A country with such a developed economy is naturally a country with a large population of immigrants, and because it is a large country of immigrants, Canada is naturally quite culturally diverse.

Caucasians make up about a third of Canada’s population, with about 14% Asians and 3% Blacks, native Canadians make up just 5% of the population, while Latinos make up 2% and the rest are from various other countries.

In addition to dividing Canada’s various ethnic groups by race, the languages spoken in the region are also quite diverse. The official languages of Canada are English and French, with English being the most widely spoken, but nearly a third of Canadians are fluent in French to communicate with others.

Nowadays, as other countries migrate into Canada, the languages are becoming more and more diverse, and Chinese is becoming more and more spoken in Canada in recent years, as there are more than 1 million Chinese living in Canada, making it a logical third language in Canada.


To sum up, it is easy to see that although the population of the Canadian region is small, the ethnicity is quite complex.

Canada’s native population is only 5%, so if you want to set up a border defense, you need not only sophisticated strategic equipment, but also people, but there are very few Canadians who can be drafted.



So are there any reasons other than population why Canada doesn’t want to have a border guard?

The answer is yes. In today’s world, border guards are the last line of defense for a country’s territorial sovereignty, and India and Pakistan are often involved in various disputes over the borderline.

But there are also countries that do not have border guards, such as the various countries in the European Union, where people can freely enter and leave the various countries of the EU with their EU passports.

And the situation between Canada and the United States is more or less similar to what the EU does, where Canadians can freely enter and leave the United States with their own passports, and Americans can freely enter and leave Canada with their own country’s passports. This is also because the relationship between Canada and the US is similar to a partnership, where they can take care of each other economically and militarily, complementing each other, knowing that 99% of Canada’s annual oil production is exported to the US.

And Canada shares more than 8,000 kilometers of borders with the United States and more than 200,000 kilometers of coastline. If we were to deploy a border guard in these places, which is just almost impossible for Canada, with less than 60,000 people in armaments to deploy these places, then we could probably see a situation where there is only one soldier guarding every 5 or 6 kilometers, and the effect that such a border guard could have would be almost zero.

So in combination with these reasons, there is no border between Canada and the United States, but just a green belt that separates the U.S. and Canada in their respective areas. The two countries are allies and have no need to fortify each other, making the U.S.-Canada border the longest undefended border in the world.


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